The word “hack” has taken on multiple, conflicting meanings, that contribute to confusion over global political events.
“Cyberwar” as a discrete phenomenon—fighting only in cyberspace—is as meaningless as a war only at sea, on land or in the air
One of the early books on cybersecurity that gained substantial notoriety was Cyber War (sic) by Richard Clarke and Robert Knake. The title, an inspired choice—if for no other reason than it sold books—was about the only thing inspired about the book. Cyber War reads like what it was: two men who knew a lot about war and were aware there was such a thing as computers, trying to explain why computers were going to kill you and your family, steal all your stuff and spit on your grave. The book was a successful polemic, if nothing else.